Conclusion of the First nuclear Conference
Chairman’s Conclusions of
The Second International Conference on Nuclear Disarmament
With the theme of
"A World Free from Nuclear Weapons"
12 and 13 June 2011
The Islamic Republic of Iran has continuously been at the harbinger of those States that fight against weapons of mass destruction. Holding this very second International Conference on Disarmament in Tehran along with initiative of tabling a resolution on “Follow up on disarmament obligations of nuclear states”, at the First Committee of the UN General Assembly are some steps in the same vain.
Papers and speeches presented in this Conference by distinguished representatives of states and International Organizations as well as by well-known disarmament experts comprise important points and valuable remarks on the realization of nuclear disarmament and was a reconfirmation of international community’s will to pursue the total elimination of such inhumane weapons within a certain time frame.
Considering well elaborated remarks made at this conference, the following elements could be charted:
- Expressing deep concern because of the continuation of the existence of weapons of mass destruction particularly nuclear weapons, and use or threat of use of such weapons,
- Confirming nuclear disarmament as the highest priority of the international community and the necessity of the total elimination of such weapons in a certain time frame, implementation of disarmament obligations based on the NPT and final document of the Review Conferences of 1995, 2000, 2010, and also full accomplishment of 13 disarmament steps required to be fulfilled by the Nuclear Weapons States as well as promotion of multilateralism in the field of nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation,
- Confirming the necessity of convening a comprehensive, non-discriminatory and legally binding convention on total prohibition of development, production, transfer, stockpiling, use or threat of use of such weapons. This is to achieve a world free from nuclear weapons within the time frame of 2025 and also providing non-discriminatory and complete security assurances pending realization of a complete nuclear disarmament,
- To take action towards realization of nuclear weapon Free Zones in different parts of the world, particularly in the Middle East, in accordance with relevant United Nations resolutions. in this context, it was reiterated that the outcome of the 2012 Conference on the establishment of nuclear weapon free zone in the Middle East need to ensure the accession of the Israel regime to the NPT and the placement of its nuclear facilities under the IAEA safeguards.
It should be recalled that Iran was initiator of the proposal on the establishment of nuclear Weapon Free Zone in the Middle East in 1974 and since then a resolution has been annually adopted in the United Nations General Assembly,
- To reaffirm the principles of irreversibility, transparency and verifiability of reduction of nuclear weapons,
- To respect the right to peaceful use of nuclear energy and promote international cooperation as a pillar of the NPT and based on commitments under Article IV of the NPT,
- To reaffirm that attack on peaceful nuclear facilities has significant negative impact on human beings and environment and is a clear violation of international law and the United Nation Charter,
- Non- proliferation regime has been undermined as a result of application of double standards by some Nuclear Weapon States. Cooperation extended to the NPT non-parties and overlooking the nuclear arsenal of the Israeli regime are clear examples in this respect,
- In the light of Fukushima, the need for promotion international cooperation to secure the safety of nuclear reactors worldwide was reaffirmed,
- The proposals made by NAM countries at the 2010 NPT Review Conference including the development of a nuclear weapon convention with a timetable for the total elimination of nuclear weapons by 2025 was recalled and reaffirmed in this conference,
- Establishment of a working group, at the initiative of NAM countries and with the participation of interested countries in nuclear disarmament could be a practical way towards a world free from nuclear weapons.